Goat born without eyes and with ‘human lips’

It’s a sad comment on humanity that anything different is branded as “evil.”

A goat branded “evil” by villagers after it was born with no eyes and ‘human-like lips’ will be hand-reared by a kind hearted farmer.

The farmer, known as V Chandra, admitted he was shocked when he saw the newborn animal for the first time but his wife told him to “save” the goat.

He has remained determined to keep the bizarre looking animal, despite locals advising him to let it die.

The goat was born without eyes due to a rare genetic condition which stops them developing.

The couple in Balussery, Kerala in India are now hand-rearing the goat which cannot feed off its mother.

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Video:

Here’s another goat with anophthalmia:

Anopthl

Goats normally have pretty strange looking eyes compared to ours, but there is a good reason.

goateyes

Whether you’re the hunter or the hunted — is a great predictor of how your eyes will be shaped. …

“For species that are active both night and day, like domestic cats, slit pupils provide the dynamic range needed to help them see in dim light yet not get blinded by the midday sun,” lead author Martin Banks of UC Berkeley said in a statement. “However, this hypothesis does not explain why slits are either vertical or horizontal. Why don’t we see diagonal slits? This study is the first attempt to explain why orientation matters.”

Circular pupils, like our own (or like a big cat’s) tend to belong to predators. Side-slanted eyes like a goat’s belong to grazing prey. …

During his research, Banks confirmed that grazing animals rotate their eyes when they bow their heads down to graze, effectively keeping their eye slits nearly parallel to the ground at all times — no matter the position of their heads. They can rotate more than 50 degrees per eye, the researchers say, which is 10 times of the human eye. That way the grazers can maintain a preys’-eye-view of the world even when chowing down.

The researchers also examined why some predators — like snakes and small cats — have vertical slits in their eyes, while other predators have round pupils. They found that proximity to the ground was the big determining factor.

Using computer models, the researchers confirmed that sideways eyes produce a much wider field of vision than eyes like our own.

The shape of their pupils also allows them to take in more light. Meanwhile, they aren’t absorbing as much light from above their heads, which keeps the sun from bleaching out their view of the grass around them. This extensive peripheral vision lets them watch out for predators, and helps them see the entire terrain around them when they must plot an escape.

During his research, Banks confirmed that grazing animals rotate their eyes when they bow their heads down to graze, effectively keeping their eye slits nearly parallel to the ground at all times — no matter the position of their heads. They can rotate more than 50 degrees per eye, the researchers say, which is 10 times of the human eye. That way the grazers can maintain a preys’-eye-view of the world even when chowing down.

The researchers also examined why some predators — like snakes and small cats — have vertical slits in their eyes, while other predators have round pupils. They found that proximity to the ground was the big determining factor.

Vertical pupils make hunting by

night a breeze, as they can expand much more than a round pupil, giving the animal more light to work with. The researchers believe they’re also great for improving depth perception. Based on their calculations, the researchers think that the depth perception gained from vertical pupils diminishes as animals get farther and farther away from the ground. That could be why taller animals tend to have round pupils instead.

 

People are born without eyes as well.

Scientists at University College Dublin, Ireland, have identified a genetic alteration which causes a child to be born with no eyes – a condition called anophthalmia.

According to the findings published in the current issue (December 2011) of Human Mutation, a child’s eyes will not develop fully in the womb if the child has alterations in both copies of its STRA6 gene which is responsible for transporting vitamin A into the cells.

This new discovery means that scientists can now develop a genetic test for couples who may be carrying the altered gene and planning to have children.

If identified, the couples can receive advice and counselling about the implications of carrying the gene alteration for their present and future children.

There is no clinical treatment for anophthalmia (the absence of one or both eyes), and children born with the condition must have prosthetic eyes fitted to help their face and skull to develop naturally.

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BornEyeless

After a routine ultrasound scan showed mother Danielle Davis that her unborn baby Daisy had a cyst on her brain, doctors encouraged her to have an abortion. Thankfully she chose life and refused to take her baby’s life over a possible disability.

When Daisy was born, she was born with a condition known as Anopthalmia, meaning a lack of eyes. She will never be able to see and may eventually be fitted with cosmetic glass eyes.

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If any ‘evil’ is involved in Anopthalmia it may environmental pollution that causes genetic changes that lead to the condition.

Causes of these conditions may include genetic mutations and abnormal chromosomes. Researchers also believe that environmental factors, such as exposure to X-rays, chemicals, drugs, pesticides, toxins, radiation, or viruses, increase the risk of anophthalmia and microphthalmia, but research is not conclusive. Sometimes the cause in an individual patient cannot be determined.

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How close is this now famous eyeless baby goat in Balussery, Kerala in India to the harbour in Kochi, the economic capital of Kerala, which in 2005 was already a pollution disaster area?

The harbour in Kochi, the economic capital of Kerala and India’s second port, is so badly polluted by effluent that local people rarely swim or fish in it. Atmospheric pollution is so bad that Kochi is nicknamed Asthma City.

Madhusoodana Kurup, professor of fisheries at Cochin University of Science and Technology, said: ‘For centuries these canals have sustained Keralans, but today these people have no pure air to breathe. The disaster graph is peaking.’

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We can’t keep ignoring our insane pollution of the planet without consequences. What will it take before we act? The problem is, overall intelligence goes down with more pollution, so we may never act, because it takes intelligence to see cause and effect and to work out solutions.

What can you do to reduce the number of one eyed goats in India? Perhaps not much if you don’t live there, but you can help reduce pollution locally. Consider where most pollution comes from. You can always reuse, recycle, and reduce, but the biggest impact will come on a personal level from using smart clean transportation, eating less meat and dairy, and find the most efficient ways to heat and cool your home.

TrueStrange.com

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