Most at-first-mysterious lights in the sky are not something unusual. In my 20 years of following UFO stories some turn out to be stars, planets, the moon, airplanes, jets, helicopters, satellites, drones, Japanese lanterns, lightning, meteors, comets, fireflies, atmospheric reflections of ground lights, lights on distant mountains, spotlights or lasers shined on clouds, Northern lights, signal flares, camera artifacts such as lens flares, outright hoaxes with Photoshop and video editing software, and sometimes more unusual yet explainable things like rocket launches, sun dogs, or kites with lights attached to them. I still get interested, however, in well documented lights that are definitely none of the above.
Here is such a case: the Hessdalen lights.
There are sightings of floating, extremely fast as well as slow moving lights in the sky both day and night in a particular valley near the small town of Hessdalen, Norway. They have been documented on video over many years as well as on radar. While there are theories regarding natural phenomena, no one has yet presented sufficient evidence to solve the mystery.
Here are a few videos about the Hessdalen Lights Mystery:
Here’s a quick review of what is known:
The Hessdalen lights are of unknown origin. They appear at day and night, and seem to float through and above the valley. They are usually bright white, yellow, or red and can appear above and below the horizon. Duration of the phenomenon may be a few seconds to well over an hour. Sometimes the lights move with enormous speed; at other times they seem to sway slowly back and forth. On yet other occasions, they hover in mid‑air. Some hypothesise that the light is ionised iron dust. Unusual lights have been reported in the region since at least the 1930s. Especially high activity occurred between December 1981 and mid-1984, in which period the lights were being observed 15–20 times per week, attracting many overnight tourists who arrived in for a sighting. As of 2010, the number of observations has dwindled, with only 10 to 20 sightings made yearly.
Hessdalen lights can be as large as cars and have been spotted in Oslo. Numerous theories have attempted to explain how they are created. One claims metallic rocks divided by a sulphurous river provide a natural ‘battery’ which provides the right conditions for orbs. One Italian expert used samples from the site to make a battery to test this idea. He thinks bubbles of ionised gas are made when sulphurous fumes from the River Hesja react with humid air, forming the balls of light. But other experts think they’re a type of ball lightning or made from plasma.
The presence of strange balls of light hovering over a valley in central Norway has baffled scientists for years.
Known as the Hessdalen Phenomenon, the flashing orbs can be as large as cars and have even attracted attention from ufologists.
But now scientists think the unusual lights could be formed by a natural ‘battery’ buried deep underground, created by metallic minerals reacting with a sulphurous river running through it.
Some of the lights drift gently through the sky for up to two hours, while others flash white or blue and streak through the valley, disappearing in seconds, New Scientist reported.
A computer engineer called Erling Strand from Ostfold University in Norway, has been looking for the physics behind the natural phenomenon since 1982, when frequent light shows captured the attention of the press and scientists alike.
He set up Project Hessdalen in a bid to unite experts trying to unravel the mystery of how the mysterious orbs are formed, and was able to quickly rule out theories that the lights came from planes, vehicles or buildings.
The researchers noticed a small fluctuation in the areas’ magnetic field before the formation of the lights, but when they measured radioactivity and seismic activity – both of which could cause such a phenomenon – there was nothing unusual at the site 248 miles (400km) north of Oslo.
An international team of experts then measured the size, shape and speed of the orbs using radar and spectral analysis to examine the elements that make up the light.
They revealed that the lights make no sound, appear to be cool and do not leave any scorch marks on the ground, unlike ball lightning. They do however sterilise an area upon contact, killing the soil microbes.
Jader Monari of the Institute of Radio Astronomy in Medicina, Italy, has studied the Hessdalen site since 1996 and found that rocks in the valley are rich in zinc and iron on one side of the river running through it, and rich in copper on the other side.
‘If there is sulphur in the water in the middle, it makes a perfect battery’ he said.
Together with a colleague from the University of Bologna, the scientists used rock samples to create a miniature valley and dunked them in river sediment. They found that electricity flowed between the two rocks and that this could light a lamp.
Dr Monari believes that bubbles of ionised gas are created when sulphurous fumes from the River Hesja react with the humid air of the valley. The geology also forms electromagnetic field lines in the valley, which could explain why the orbs of light move around.
‘This electrical field creates a path that could be the ‘main road’ of the lights inside the valley,’ Dr Monari told Caroline Williams.
Bjorn Gitle Hauge, an electrical engineer at Ostfold University, thinks that the energy needed to make the clouds glow could come from the charge building up.
There are many other competing theories as to how the light may be formed, although the battery theory seems to be the most probable based upon current evidence. …
As a name, Hessdalen may be more familiar to UFO watchers than scientists. The valley in Norway is prone to “strange, hovering, flashing balls of lights” best attributed, as some believe, to alien origins. Now scientists say they’re on the verge of an explanation: The valley is a giant natural battery.
Published on Aug 1, 2013. Since the 1980s, a strange phenomenon has been witnessed by thousands of people in the Hessdalen Valley in Norway – UFOs. Strange lights, moving at incredible speed along the ground or high in the sky, have been photographed, videoed and tracked with radar. A permanent research project is even based on the site. But even after all this, no one actually knows what the Hessdalen lights are, or what causes them.
Here’s a 45 min documentary:
That sounds decidedly unnatural. Others in this documentary describe what seem to be ships.
Here is a few photo of a supposed bullet shaped light object.
Is there a raised reddish “X” on the ship’s hull?
What can lights hover and can also travel at the observed 18,640 mph (30,000km/hr) … in the 1980’s?
For reference, the fastest unclassified unmanned aerial vehicle I know of was the HTV-2 which reached a speed of 15,345 mph (Mach 20, high hypersonic speed) before disintegrating in test flights in early August 2011.
There may be several distinct things going on to account for differences in reports, some of lights, some of metallic craft.
The mystery, for now, remains. Check back as this page may be updated if new information about the Hessdalen lights becomes available.