Category Archives: Archaeology

A Modern Vegetarian Crocodile?

Some ancestors of modern alligators and crocodiles were vegetarians. This is the conclusion of scientists at the University of Utah who have studied teeth of relevant fossils.

Based on careful study of fossilized teeth, scientists Keegan Melstom and Randall Irmis at the Natural History Museum of Utah at the University of Utah have found that multiple ancient groups of crocodyliforms — the group including living and extinct relatives of crocodiles and alligators — were not the carnivores we know today. Evidence suggests that a veggie diet arose in the distant cousins of modern crocodylians at least three times.

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Could some modern crocodiles be vegetarians? Here’s one such claim:

Meet Babiya, Kerala’s ‘vegetarian’ crocodile who lives in a temple pond and loves rice

The Sri Anandapadmanabha Swamy temple in Kasaragod claims that she eats only the prasadam that is fed to her by an employee twice a day.

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What is prasadam?

… variantly spelled as Prasadam, Prasad and Prasada, is a material substance of vegetarian food that is a religious offering in both Hinduism and Sikhism. It is normally consumed by worshippers after worship.

Via Wikipedia (Link fail due to WordPress error in the WP app. Probably couldn’t handle the unusual “a”.)āda

There are different recipes, but it may contain rice, ghee (clarified butter), and sugar. At first, I thought this meant no protein. Could a crocodile survive on carbs and fats without protein?

Crocodiles are monogastric, exothermic, carnivorous reptiles. This implies that they have a high demand for protein and require optimum temperatures for their metabolisms to function at optimal levels necessary for growth … Energy and protein are required by the organism for maintenance, growth and/or reproduction (Staton et al. 1986), where energy is derived from carbohydrates, protein and fats. To prevent protein from being used as an energy source, sufficient energy should be supplied in the diet in the form of carbohydrates and fat.


So, yes, it seems they can, but then I realized that wild rice is a source of protein.

The current daily value (%DV) for protein [for humans] is 50 grams per day, and is a target meant for most people. Grains high in protein include cornmeal, kamut (wheat berries), teff, quinoa, whole wheat pasta, wild rice, millet, couscous, oatmeal, and buckwheat. Apr 29, 2019


However, current crocs don’t do as well on non-animal protein sources:

The poor performance of crocodiles on the lowest protein diet correlates with previous research indicating that crocodilians are unable to perform optimally when the majority of the diet’s protein is made up of vegetable protein sources.


As a final interesting point, do the people at this temple know a crocodile can live for weeks or even years without a meal?

A crocodile’s metabolism is so evolved that its body uses and stores nearly the entirety of the food it consumes. They can regularly go for months without food — and in extreme situations, crocodiles can live off their own tissue for up to three years.

Another interesting fact about crocodile eating habits is that their stomachs are more acidic than any other vertebrate. Thus, they can digest bones, horns and shells. In fact, those pieces act as “gizzard stones” to help grind up coarse food.

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It would be quite useful to only need to eat once per year. When I consider future more evolved humans, from say 10,000 years from now, this might be a feature we have by then genetically added to our biology.

Are we in the Year 1722 Instead of 2019? No Charlemagne?

The strangest item for today is this: a claim that 297 years of human history were faked to make some historical powerful people more powerful. The phantom time hypothesis says that the years AD 614–911 were invented with document forgeries during a change of calendars.

… the entire Carolingian period, including the figure of Charlemagne, is a fabrication …

As the Steely Dan song says, “Get along kid Charlemagne.” Okay, that song has nothing to do with this odd theory, but it started playing in my mind as I considered the name Charlemagne. Wikipedia has quite a long page on this guy. He lived from April 2, 742 to January 28, 814, within the time range that may have never existed.

Could he be a made up character?

If that were the case, his children could not exist. It would mean there was no Pepin the Hunchback, and no Carloman, made king of Italy, no Louis the Pious (778 – 20 June 840) King of the Franks and King of Aquitaine. If Louis the Pious was invented, so were his sons and daughters. Two of them were kings, Lothair (795–855), king of Middle Francia and Pepin (797–838), king of Aquitaine, If there was no Lothair I, then he could not have had his son Louis II (825–875) called “the Younger” crowned as King of Italy in 844 and Crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 850. If there was no Louis II, his daughter could not have existed, Ermengard of Italy, who could have never had her son, Louis the Blind (c. 880 – 5 June 928) who was the king of Provence, and he could have never had his son,  Charles-Constantine, who became Count of Vienne … I think you see my point. That’s a lot of work to invent and what about people living after the year 911 AD who were descended from people living in the supposedly invented time period?

Nevertheless, based on the study of many historical documents, a German historian, Heribert Illig, concluded that a period of 297 years from the 8th to the 11th centuries contains too many inconsistent and vague events, as if they were simply made up.

There are irrefutable documents indicating the loss of three centuries. … the grandiose construction in Constantinople of that period was for some reason abruptly suspended … for three centuries and then suddenly resumed.

Exactly the same absurdity can be traced when building the Aachen Cathedral in Germany. 

… The phantom time hypothesis is a theory asserted by Heribert Illig and first published in 1991. It hypothesizes a conspiracy by the Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, Pope Sylvester II, and possibly the Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII, to fabricate the Anno Domini dating system retrospectively, in order to place them at the special year of AD 1000, and to rewrite history to legitimize Otto’s claim to the Holy Roman Empire.

Heribert Illig believed that this was achieved through the alteration, misrepresentation and forgery of documentary and physical evidence. According to this scenario, the entire Carolingian period, including the figure of Charlemagne, is a fabrication, with a “phantom time” of 297 years (AD 614–911) added to the Early Middle Ages.

So it is quite possible that we live in 1722, and not in 2019.

Via Anomoalien

According to this scenario, the entire Carolingian period, including the figure of Charlemagne, is a fabrication, with a “phantom time” of 297 years (AD 614–911) added to the Early Middle Ages. The proposal has been universally rejected by mainstream historians.

Via Wikipedia

Countering the “missing chunk of history” theory, critics say well documented ancient astronomical events would be hard to reconcile if 297 years were fabricated. We know when eclipses occurred before the supposed fake time and we know when they happened after and there does not appear to be a break in the record. The same with observations of Halley’s Comet, the Wikipedia entry on phantom time states.

The most difficult challenge to the theory is through observations in ancient astronomy, especially those of solar eclipses cited by European sources prior to 600 AD (when phantom time would have distorted the chronology). Besides several others that are perhaps too vague to disprove the phantom time hypothesis, two in particular are dated with enough precision to disprove the hypothesis with a high degree of certainty. One is reported by Pliny the Elder in 59 AD[9] and one by Photius in 418 AD. Both of these dates and times have confirmed eclipses. In addition, observations during the Tang dynasty in China, and Halley’s Comet, for example, are consistent with current astronomy with no “phantom time” added.

Read more Wikipedia

Having now heard the theory of phantom time, we can keep watch for inconsistencies that weigh in favor or against there being 297 years that never really happened.

At this time I favor the conservative view that this chunk of history was not invented, but it’s an awesome strange claim and I enjoyed considering it.

What do you think?

Were Denisovans Bigger and Stronger than Neanderthal?

I saw a Denisovan tooth (molar) compared to a modern human’s and it was amazingly large. A jaw bone from these extinct humans was found in a cave in Tibet and was dated to at least 160,000 years ago. This was in the Baishiya Karst Cave in Tibet.

The WSJ writes: “A fossil jaw found in the Himalayan highlands of Tibet belongs to a vanished human species called Denisovans, deepening the mystery of human evolution in Asia, scientists said Wednesday in a new study probing the roots of humankind. Discovered by a local Buddhist monk, the fossil shows these archaic human relatives lived on the roof of the world in the rarefied air at almost 11,000 feet—an altitude that would leave many people today starved for oxygen.

They settled at these frigid heights at least 160,000 years ago, more than 120,000 years before modern humankind arrived, said the scientists, who published their work on the fossil in the journal Nature.”

It reminds me of a bible quote: Genesis 6:4 King James Version (KJV)

“There were giants in the earth in those days;”

No kidding. They were giant and they were in caves, “in the earth” so I like to think this line is an ancient true memory passed down in stories until it as finally written down in Genesis. The passage also talks about interbreeding with these ancients (Gods) and the resulting hybrid offspring were very strong, men of great renown.

There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown. 

Did we interbreed with them, or just with Neanderthal? It appears we did interbreed with Denisovans and not too long ago, surprisingly.

Our species may have been interbreeding with Denisovans as recently as 15,000 years ago, according to a detailed analysis of the DNA of people living in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea.

We already know that, after Homo sapiens first migrated out of Africa, our species repeatedly interbred with a number of now-extinct hominin species, including the Neanderthals and Denisovans. The signs are in our DNA today – all people of non-African descent carry some Neanderthal DNA, while some Asian people also have Denisovan DNA.

via NewSci

One of the most notable contributions of the Denisovan genome to humanity is an allele of a gene involved in adaptation to low oxygen that allows today’s Tibetans and the Sherpa people to live at high altitude more comfortably than many other people. When discovered, this seemed odd, because modern humans did not penetrate the region until 40,000 years ago at the earliest, and the same allele is found in modern populations living much farther down. Denisova Cave itself is a relatively modest 700 metres above sea level.

via Nature

How big were they, the Denisovans?

Little is known of the precise anatomical features of the Denisovans, since the only physical remains discovered thus far are the finger bone, two teeth from which genetic material has been gathered, a toe bone, and a partial jawbone.[29] The single finger bone was unusually broad and robust, well outside the variation seen in modern people. It belonged to a female, indicating that the Denisovans were extremely robust, perhaps similar in build to the Neanderthals.

via Wikipedia

The Denisovans apparently made bracelets, necklaces and a tiara made of woolly mammoth ivory to keep the hair out of the face.

Daily Mail (Australia) 3 August 2017:
“World’s oldest known stone bracelet could rewrite the history of early man: 70,000-year-old bangle suggests our ancestors were far more sophisticated than thought”
– read the article here

Archaeology November 1, 2016
“Ostrich Eggshell Beads Found in Denisova Cave” – read the article

What if BigFoot is a real descendant of the Denisovans? Others have speculated about this, but no supposed BigFoot DNA tested so far has any components match with Denisovans. Do we have any real BigFoot DNA? Some think we do.

It will be an interesting story to watch. As we have no undisputed evidence of BigFoot as of May 12, 2019, I am left even more curious now about the Denisovans, a real ancient species of giant gave dwellers who scientists think died out about the time Neanderthal man did.

Denisovans (which may have been more than one species) could have been bigger than Neanderthal, but we don’t have enough data to say yet.

Another interesting claim is the the Denisovans made it to Catalina island and that some Native American tribes interbred with them. The Susquehannock Indians were reportedly huge.

[Captain] John Smith encountered an Indians tribe of unusual size: here is from his his desciptions of the Susquehannock Indians:
“Such great and well proportioned men, are seldome seene, for they seemed like Giants to the English, yea and to the neighbours: yet seemed of an honest and simple disposition, with much adoe restrained from adoring the discoverers as Gods. Those are the most strange people of all those Countries, both in language and attire; for their language it may well beseeme their proportions, sounding from them, as it were a great voice in a vault, or cave, as an Eccho.” “The picture of the greatest of them is signified in the Mappe. The calfe of whose leg was 3 quarters of a yard about: and all the rest of his limbes so answerable to that proportion, that he seemed the godliest man that ever we beheld.”
In December 1607 Johns Smith was captured. He was taken to the chief of the Powhatans and later claimned that his life was saved by the chief’s daughter, Pocahontas. Well, we might know Pocahontas best from the 1995 animated film produced by Walt Disney, but the real Pocahontas was captured by the English in 1613, she later married the tobacco planter John Rolfe.

Read more: GreaterAncestors

2017 research from a mastodon site in California that scientists say puts humans in North America at least 100,000 years earlier than previously believed. Previous estimates suggested humans arrived 15,000 years ago.

via Montana Man Has Oldest DNA, “Like Finding Bigfoot”

I interviewed a cave guide named Art years ago who showed me photos of giant bones found in a cave in California. I’ve been interested in explanations for that ever since.

Well, that’s a good bit to chew on for now.

Neanderthal used antibiotics and pain meds. Was Zeus a Neanderthal?

Did Neanderthal man use penicillin and painkillers? They overlapped with modern humans for thousands of years. We now know we interbread with Neanderthals. From genetic sequencing by, I even know my own percentage of Neanderthal ancestry. They had bigger brains, they were much stronger than modern humans, and better immune systems and eyesight.

I have a pet theory about them. I believe they were some of the “gods” in our mythology, and also the “giants in the earth” in verbal stories that later became part of the written Bible.

Genesis 6:4

“There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown.” 


Demigods, like Gilgamesh, who were half human and half “god” were very strong. They were kings and men of great renoun. 

If you know about Ligers (male lion mates with female tiger), they dwarf tigons (female lion mates with male tiger), as well as lions and tigers. A liger is typically bigger than both of its parents. Lioness mothers have growth inhibiting genes which tigress mothers don’t. 

So it was with Neanderthal strength, perhaps. If you wanted a king, it mattered if the gene donor Neanderthal was male or female.

What about immortality? One claim is that if you remove infant mortality, our ancient ancestors lived on average about as long as we do now, 70 to 80 years. 

This is the context in which I read the following story:

Fossilized plaque, also known as dental calculus, has been found on corpses that are tens of thousands of years old. Now that scientists have the tools to analyze old plaque for pieces of ancient DNA, they can reconstruct the diet, health, and lifestyle of the dead. … 

One team recently looked at the fossilized plaque on the teeth of four Neanderthals found at two cave sites: Spy in Belgium and El Sidrón in Spain.

(Neanderthals) built tools and lit campfires. They may have decorated their bodies and buried their dead. And, according to a new study published today in Nature, they took medicine for pain and natural antibiotics for infections, and at least some of them had a plant-heavy diet.
At 42,000 to 50,000 years old, these samples represent the oldest dental plaque ever to be genetically analyzed. One of the individuals found at El Sidrón suffered from a dental abscess visible on the jawbone. He also had an intestinal parasite. That may be why he was consuming poplar – which contains pain-killing salicylic acid, the active ingredient of aspirin – as well as a natural antibiotic mold, Penicillium. Previous research had shown that Sidrón Neanderthals may have used yarrow, an astringent, and camomile, a natural anti-inflammatory, as medicinal plants.

“Apparently, Neanderthals possessed a good knowledge of medicinal plants and their various anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties, and seem to be self-medicating,” Alan Cooper, director of the University of Adelaide’s Australian Centre for Ancient DNA (ACAD), said in a statement.

“The use of antibiotics would be very surprising, as this is more than 40,000 years before we developed penicillin. …


Human species have been intelligent for a long time. I think it’s quite possible that they developed some similar technologies and made similar discoveries multiple times. Plato says as much when he talks about the lost Atlantis, that disasters have destroyed what men have built and what we have learned many times.

When I first had this theory, that ancient Neanderthal memories echoed in human written history after eons of verbal tales being passed on, I think we had not yet discovered that almost all humans today except for some sub-Saharan Africans have some Neanderthal DNA.

Neanderthals and modern humans were both living in Europe for between 2,600 and 5,400 years, according to a new article. 

Via SciDaily

Perhaps one day we will generally accept that they were not dumb cave men, but a strong intelligent species of humans that went extinct for some reason. It may be that they could not adapt as well as we could. We used dogs, for example, to hunt and I don’t think they ever did. My other theory is that they were smart, but not as creative, and not as able and willing to be as deceptive as our species. This may be where we get some views of the gods being of high moral character, if they were in fact Neanderthals.

So far, I’m the only person I can find on the Internet saying that Zeus may have been a real Neanderthal leader. Food for thought:

Asclepius, Greek Asklepios, Latin Aesculapius, Greco-Roman god of medicine, son of Apollo (god of healing, truth, and prophecy) and the mortal princess Coronis. The Centaur Chiron taught him the art of healing. At length Zeus (the king of the gods), afraid that Asclepius might render all men immortal, slew him with a thunderbolt.

Via Britannica

Knowing his people were competing with the humans for limited resources, Zeus may not have wanted to share the medicine of the gods with the mortals (our words for them and us.)

It would be wild if Centaurs were Homo erectus and we eventually learn that besides being sailors they rode horses, leading to Centaur myths. Erectus was around a long time and could have taught Neanderthals about medicine.

If you are a historian with a good reason that this theory of Neanderthals as our ancient memories of gods must be wrong, please let us know why it could not be so.

Xenothrix, A Strange Extinct Rat-legged Tree Monkey

Some DNA has been extracted from bones found in a cave in Jamaica, comfirming a unique strange extinct monkey with rodent-like legs.

Some 11 million years ago, a group of monkeys settled on the island of Jamaica in the Caribbean. With no natural predators in sight, the monkeys were able to simply kick back and enjoy a relaxed Caribbean life. Their care-free lifestyle allowed these monkeys to thrive — they led a peaceful existence on the island up until a few hundred years ago when they suddenly went extinct — but also left a striking mark on their appearance.

“It was a really weird animal indeed,” Prof. Samuel Turvey from the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) told the BBC. “Possibly with legs like a rodent; body maybe like a slow loris. Because it’s so weird no-one’s been able to agree what it was related to.”

… The team believes that Xenothrix mcgregori used to be a titi monkey that got to Jamaica probably on floating vegetation and went through a remarkable evolutionary change after colonizing its new environment.

“Ancient DNA indicates that the Jamaican monkey is really just a titi monkey with some unusual morphological features, not a wholly distinct branch of New World monkey,” said MacPhee, who is a scientist at the AMNH’s Mammalogy Department. “Evolution can act in unexpected ways in island environments, producing miniature elephants, gigantic birds, and sloth-like primates. Such examples put a very different spin on the old cliché that ‘anatomy is destiny.’”

Since no living descendants of Xenothrix mcgregori survive to this day, we can only speculate on what this species looked like when it was still alive. 

Via Inquisitr

Xenothrix, unlike any other monkey in the world, was a slow-moving tree-dweller with relatively few teeth, and leg bones somewhat like a rodent’s. Its unusual appearance has made it difficult for scientists to work out what it was related to and how it evolved. However, the scientific team have successfully extracted the first ever ancient DNA from an extinct Caribbean primate — uncovered from bones excavated in a Jamaican cave and providing important new evolutionary insights.

Via SciDaily

Using various indicators, MacPhee and Fleagle (1991) reconstructed the body weight of Xenothrixas lying between 2 and 4 kg (similar to size range found in the extant capuchin monkey, Cebus apella).

Via Amnh

As to what at the creature might have looked like, this is the closest I could find:

During the 1860s, a strange creature referred to in the publicity literature as “a poto from the mountains of Jamaica” was exhibited in London. However, the accompanying engraving of this animal depicts a creature wholly unlike any species known to exist in Jamaica today. Consequently, some researchers have speculated that it may have been a living specimen of X. mcgregori. 

Via Karlshu

If you don’t want to call someone “a slow, few toothed, rat-legged tree monkey,” just call them a Xenothrix.

A Howling Coincidence “Stuckie” the Mummified Dog

Here’s something spooky, a true story. Right as I was reading an eerie article about Stuckie, a dog who got stuck in a tree and became mummified in the 1960’s, my dog (well, not technically mine, but never mind) started howling strongly in the back yard. What the heck? It was very odd, I’ve never heard him do that. When I went out back, I did figure out what was going on. A fire engine siren sounded like a howling dog in the distance and my dog was joining in instinctively. That’s the logical explanation.

A mummified dog has been found inside a tree trunk after dying when he got stuck chasing a raccoon – 20 YEARS earlier. The canine was first discovered in 1980 by loggers for the Kraft Corporation, who were cutting down oak trees in Georgia.

The dog, which is known as Stuckie, is now a main attraction at the Forest World tree museum in the state.

His body was mummified instead of decomposing, because of an updraft of air in the hollow log, which carried his scent away from insects.

It is believed that Stuckie had been in the log for at least 20 years since he was found, indicating that he probably got trapped at some point in the 1960s.

via Mirror

“A chimney effect occurred in the hollow tree, resulting in an upward draft of air. This caused the scent of the dead animal to be carried away, which otherwise would have attracted insects and other organisms that feed on dead animals. The hollow tree also provided relatively dry conditions, and the tannic acid of the oak helped harden the animal’s skin.”

“People always ask me, ‘How did he get in there?’,” said Brandy Stevenson, Forest World’s manager. “And I always say, ‘Well, he was a hound dog. Maybe he was after a coon.’ And then they’ll say, ‘Poor old thing. I feel so sorry for him.'”

via RoadsideAmerica

What do you think, should stickie be on display?

New Hidden Chamber in the Great Pyramid

I’ve enjoyed secrets of the great pyramids since I was a kid, so I find this exciting: a new large chamber has been located with a new form of imaging. So far it is unknown from the data returned what is in the chamber or even the exact size and tilt of the walls and floor, but it seems big, at least 100 feet long.

Scientists using an imaging method based on cosmic rays have detected a large and enigmatic internal structure in the last of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing, the massive Great Pyramid of Giza on the outskirts of Cairo.

Researchers announced the discovery on Thursday but said they did not know the purpose, contents or precise dimensions of what they are calling a “void” or “cavity” inside the pyramid, built as a monumental tomb around 2560 BC.

To peer inside the pyramid, the scientists used an imaging technique called muon tomography that tracks particles that bombard Earth at close to the speed of light and penetrate deeply into solid objects.
They said the newly discovered internal structure was at least 100 feet (30 meters) long, and located above a hallway measuring about 155 feet long (47 meters) called the Grand Gallery, one of a series of passageways and chambers inside the immense pyramid. The researchers said it constitutes the first major inner structure found in the Great Pyramid since the 19th century.
“What we are sure about is that this big void is there, that it is impressive, that it was not expected by, as far as I know, any kind of theory,” said Mehdi Tayoubi, president and co-founder of the HIP Institute in France, one of the leaders of the study published in the journal Nature.

… “We are not doing this mission in order to find hidden cavities,” Helal said.
Muon particles originate from interactions between cosmic rays from space and atoms of Earth’s upper atmosphere. The particles can penetrate hundreds of yards (meters) into stone before being absorbed. Placing detectors inside a pyramid can discern cavities within a solid structure.


What do you wish they’d find in there?

I’d like if that room is the control center for the simulation of this universe, a room with a terminal to the quantum computer that contains us all. Perhaps I’d like a cool looking alien sitting there at the terminal, kicking back and grinning when we finally dig in.

Second choice: A hall of records with the true history of humanity, lost science, and … an alien librarian sitting in there kicking back and grinning when we finally dig in.


Unbreakable Metal Ring in 200M Year-Old Rock? Nope. Hoax. Here’s proof.

I hunt true strange stuff daily, but it has to actually be true. DiscloseTV’s claim of a metal “ring” found in a 200 million year old geode is not. Proof: I dug up the original photo, no ring.

Screen Shot 2017-08-07 at 6.55.21 PM

A ring of a seemingly unbreakable and unknown metal-like material has been found within a geode of 200-million-year-old stone. This is only one of many so called “impossible artifacts”. The object was quickly sold to a private collector. It is not unusual that such relics disappear into secret archives locked away from the public.


One site had this to say:

Polished metal ‘artifact’ inside a geode.. purported to be millions of years old…..scientists repress the facts? Just how easy IS it to grow your own crystals?…..not very hard. How easy is it to hoax people? Pretty damn easy.


The idea behind hoaxing one of these so it looks real seems possible. Here are some fake geodes made of chocolate, for example:

Screen Shot 2017-08-07 at 7.25.55 PM

Could a white one with metal in it be manufactured? It seems so from the YouTube videos I’ve watched on how to make your own geode, but this one does look pretty real. Without examining the supposed rock and the supposed super metal, this can not be verified.

Are we stuck then? No. Let’s take a look at another angle. I did an image search for the image without the “ring.” Bingo. Some unscrupulous person has taken a photo of Tim Sheffler holding a “typical geode,” and they photoshopped the image to add the metal. It’s the exact same image, just mirror image flipped, which shows it was not a physical hoax, but a digital one.

Screen Shot 2017-08-07 at 10.24.12 PMTim Sheffler displays a typical geode, a naturally hollow rock containing quartz deposits. While geodes are found in many parts of the Unkted States, the gem-like qualitiy of these stones are unique to the extreme northeast corner of Missouri where the Sheffler family has welcomed rock hounds for four decades.



If you are a photographer, if you do digital image work, or if you just have above average visual intelligence, you will instantly see that the two images above are the exact same photo.

If you have any doubts about that, I can help. I created this animated gif by flipping over the image with the “ring,” resizing the two to match, and giving each frame a one second view time in an infinite loop.

You can see what was added, and that no one grew any crystals for this. You can also see that they lightened the photo a bit when they added the ring. I do want to pause to admire the work here, because it is a quality job. I especially like the way he or she placed the metal matching in the line with an existing white crystal at the top.

It is cool to show that history is not what it seems. That is true in some amazing ways. George Washington was not the first president of the USA, for example. (See the evidence.) That someone is out there faking things like this geode scam, however, saying it is a 200 million year old manufactured metal “ring” (What ring? It looks like a hair clip…) is really discouraging. Can we teach people that the truth is cool again? We might survive extinction if so. Truth requires honesty, actual work and real proof instead of spreading rumors and speculation to get attention.

Sometimes it’s just someone making a buck on advertising to a fake news web site, but the culture of vanishing reality is much more frightening. Decision makers are acting on unfounded and unproven conclusions. This is stupid. It destroys people’s lives, results in witch hunts and at times it disgusts me.

What are we teaching our next generation in this attention seeking “like” culture? The truth doesn’t matter. Fans, followers, hearts, likes … attention is a currency. Fame at all costs.

Hoaxes like this just dumb us down and waste our time as a species.  Join me in finding the real strange truths. The real ones are out there.

Unlikely things happen every day.


Three Fingered Alien Mummy? 

This is either an interesting work of art, an ancient mutant human, or an alien. 

UFO fans are going bonkers over a video of a tiny, three-fingered humanoid found in Peru – claiming it might be proof that aliens once lived on our planet.

But others claim it could just be a crude fake – a plaster cast made up to con people into paying to attend a conference.

The new, tiny humanoid (allegedly) unearthed in Nazca, Peru by ‘investigative journalist’ Jaime Maussan – who showed off two other mummies last month.

Naturally, the usual UFO sites are more than happy to believe it’s a find which could rewrite human history, with Ancient Origins saying, ‘We should keep an open mind’.

Others are sceptical. Much more sceptical – pointing to the fact that the video’s creators are trying to charge people up $300 (£232) to attend a conference to discuss it.

The World Congress on Mummy Studies describes the find as a fraud, and calls it, ‘an irresponsible organized campaign of disinformation.’

Nigel Watson, author of the UFO Investigations Manual, says, ‘Looks like a plaster cast model to me. I’d call it a 110% fake! … ‘Anything associated with Jaime Maussan a serial promoter of fake alien evidence is suspect.


I’m going with the work of art theory on this one, as those toes look completely impractical. There appear to be real bones from a CT scan, so it’s an awesome forgery if that.

Maussan and his colleagues first announced the discovery of “well preserved alien” remains in June. According to Maussan, the five feet, three inches tall mummified corpses had belonged to non-human beings with three long fingers and elongated skulls. He claimed that a total of five preserved “alien” bodies were found and that three of the bodies had reptilian characteristics.

“Those are two bodies and there are three of which seem to have characteristics that are closer to reptiles than to humans… That is, we have five bodies.”

Rodolfo Salas-Gismondi, from the Paleontology Department of the National History Museum of Peru, who is also an associate researcher at the American Museum of Natural History, contradicted M.K. Jesse’s analysis, insisting that the structure of the hands of the “reptilian aliens” was fundamentally incorrect when assessed from the perspective of biological or evolutionary science.

Salas-Gismondi claimed that the so-called “reptilian alien” remains were, in fact, sophisticated forgeries constructed by an artist using bones obtained from different sources, including children’s and animal bones.


Looking at the wrist area x-ray, I agree. It’s just an illogical jumble, not a real animal’s wrist. 

The white powder is supposedly something to preserve the tissues. If there is a grey skin underneath as reported, it would be even more interesting. 

Looks like a badly put together collection of different bones by someone making a weird art project. Totally unfuntional. No knee caps, wrist or ankle bones, ribs all wrong. What a wretched creature if it was one.